Romania, a republic in eastern Europe, is bordered by the Black Sea, Bulgaria, Serbia, Hungary, Ukraine and Moldova. Romania with its area of 238,391 km ² has more than 22 million inhabitants; it has a wide variety of cultures, languages and religions. The country has a lot of unspoiled nature. The continental climate gives cold winters and hot summers.
Romania is a booming tourist destination; a trip to this beautiful country offers surprising experiences.
The Carpathians, a mountain range with bare mountains and dense forests runs across the country. But there also are charming valleys with a lot of agricultural activity. Flat land is found in the southeast and the Donau delta. The Black Sea has wide sandy beaches.
In the past, virgin forests covered almost the whole of Romania; today, this is only about 26.2 % ( 6.366 million ha). But despite that Romania is very rich in nature. Lynxes, wolves and bears are still living in large populations. Where forests are, there is logging. The Romanian government tries to have the trees cut selected, but illegal cutting is nearly not avoidable.
The Danube Delta is rich in fish and birds but most species are to be found in the mountains. In order to protect the species, several National parks were exclaimed.
List of World Heritages
Most tourist sites are on the World Heritage List of UNESCO.
- In the Bucovina region the most important are: Voronet, Moldovita, Sucevita and Humor.
- Also the wooden churches and monasteries of Maramures
- In Transylvania the most important medieval cities , castles and palaces , like Peles Castle and Bran Castle .
Towns and Villages
Romania has very beautiful cultural and tourist cities, although during the Communist regime many districts were broken down and on those places high communist flats were erected . For the construction of the ceremonial palace of dictator Ceausescu in the capital Bucharest were whole neighborhoods disappeard. Currently the great "House of the People " sits the House of Parliament of Romania. It is the second largest building in the world, after the Pentagon.
Medieval towns in Transylvania and Siebenburgen are: Sibiu, Brasov, Medias, Alba Iulia, Tg - Mures and Sighisoara and Biertan.
From the Middle Ages until around 1900, there were three principalities: Wallachia , Transylvania and Moldavia. The first capital of Wallachia was Curtea de Arges, Târgoviste, and finally since 1862 Bucharest became - the capital of Romania.
The most important medieval towns and villages in Transylvania or Siebenburgen are: Sibiu, Brasov, Medias, Alba Iulia, Tg - Mures and Sighisoara and Biertan.
Romania provides religious freedom. The population is very religious.The dominating religion is Romanian Orthodox (about 86 %), and a smaller amount is Roman Catholic or Protestant. In Dobrogea, a minority of Islam stayed behind the Ottoman domination or came as a result of migration from the Crimea
Food and Drink
The Romanian cuisine is influenced by the Hungarian, Austrian, Slavic, Greek and Turkish domination. Each region has its own specialities: meat, often of mutton and pork, is the major ingredient. Some Romanian plates are:
- Ciorba , sour soup
- Bors: (gives the sour taste to the ciorba)
- Mamaliga: a type of maize porridge
- Sarmale with Smântana: cabbage rolls stuffed with minced meat, spices and rice
- Mititei with mustard: a spicy minced sausages
- Piftie: meat in gelatin
- Piftea: meat/fried minced herbs
- Pastrama ( pastrami ): often made from sheep meat
- The traditional drink is Tuica, mainly in rural areas is very popular
- Palinka is a stronger form of Tuica, but more popular in northern Romania.
Romania's currency is the leu, plural lei. (Leu means lion). In order to prepare Romania for the accession to the EU (approx. 2011/12) a revaluation of the leu took place; the old leu was replaced by the new lei (10,000 old leu (ROL) E.g. 1 Leu in 2010 was approximately € 2.50 .
History of Romania
The history of Romania is a sequence of princes, voievods, kings. The original inhabitants of Romania were the Dacians. They mainly lived in Transylvania and western Wallachia. In Eastern Wallachia and Dobrogea lived the Getae. The Karpes (after whom the Carpathians are named) lived in Moldova. They escaped enslavement by the Romans. The Dacian kingdom reached its greatest extent in the 1900 BC. King Burebista (1970-1945 BC) is considered the most important king of the Dacians. After his coronation in 1970 BC, he raised a strong army and repeatedly invaded the Roman territory.
At the end of the first century AD. Dacia was still a mighty empire , but in 101 AD , the Romans attacked the country. The capital , Sarmizegetusa was burned , and 150,000 prisoners were taken away as slaves. Then a massive colonization took place from Italy. The Dacians mixed with the settlers and took over the Latin language. From the Great Migration Period to the beginning of the era came and disappeared Huns, Ostrogoths, Vandals and Bulgarians. Around the year 1000 came the Magyars, and in the 12th century, the Saxons, who settled in Transylvania. Until the 20th century, the Hungarians were in the majority, Germans and Romanians formed a large minority in Transylvania .
In 1866 the German Prince Charles (Carol) of Hohenzollern came in Romania and took the trone. He built a glamorous summer residence, the Peles Castle. Now this castle is a tourist attraction.
During the Franco-Prussian War of 1870-1871 a massive anti-German attitude arose. His regime was almost overthrown.
Only after the First World War in 1914, this area was taken back to Romania.
During the Franco - Prussian War of 1870-1871 , however, came a massive anti -German attitude , which almost overthrowing his regime.
Only after the First World War in 1914 , this area was given back to Romania.
Listen to the music of my beautiful country
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